The Hexagon-Spindle Model for Ergonomics

R. Benedyk, A. Woodcock

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review


    Using a systems view of a work process, a task consists of a number of transformative interactions, performed simultaneously or successively, to a given level of effectiveness, and taking place at the interface between the operator and key components of the system; these encompass not only traditional hardware, software and workstations, but social, managerial, infrastructure and peripheral factors. We propose the Hexagon - Spindle Model for Ergonomics, which represents the multiple factors influencing the effectiveness of interactions at the interface. The model is holistic, multi-dimensional, task-related and transferable across a range of settings. It extends to characterise a time base for serial and simultaneous tasks and highlights areas where operator/system conflicts may arise. We illustrate analysis tools for the application of the model in evaluation and design.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationContemporary Ergonomics 2009
    EditorsPhillip Bush
    PublisherTaylor and Francis
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Electronic)9780429206757
    ISBN (Print)9780415804332
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
    EventAnnual Conference of the Ergonomics Society on Contemporary Ergonomics 2009 - London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 1 Apr 20091 Apr 2009

    Publication series

    NameContemporary Ergonomics 2009


    ConferenceAnnual Conference of the Ergonomics Society on Contemporary Ergonomics 2009
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Human Factors and Ergonomics


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