The Hashd al-Shaabi and Iraq: Subnationalism and the State

Dylan O'Driscoll, Dave Van Zoonen

Research output: Book/ReportOther report


This report views the Hashd al-Shaabi (Popular Mobilisation Forces, PMF) as having played an intrinsic role in the provision of security in Iraq since the dramatic rise of the Islamic State (IS). However, through the lens of nationalism it analyses the negative role the PMF may play once IS is defeated. The report therefore presents suggestions to deal with the perceived threat of the PMF in the short to medium term.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationIraq
PublisherMiddle East Research Institute
Number of pages52
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2017

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  • security sector reform
  • Iraq
  • non-state actors


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