The Good Behaviour Game: Maintaining students’ physical distancing in physical education classes during the COVID-19 pandemic

Olfa Tounsi, Abdessalem Koubaa, Omar Trabelsi, Liwa Masmoudi, Bessem Mkaouer, Khaled Trabelsi, Haitham Jahrami, Cain CT Clark, Mourad Bahloul

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Background: Maintaining physical distancing is one of the most important steps to enforce in educational institutions to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19. However, close proximity and physical contact between students are often considered ‘normal’ during physical education (PE) classes, making it challenging for PE teachers to ensure physical distancing. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the implementation of the Good Behaviour Game (GBG) in maintaining physical distancing in PE settings in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: In a quasi-experimental design, two groups were separately designated as an experimental group (20 classes involving 220 students) and a control group (20 classes involving 231 students). They were all enrolled in the eighth grade of the Tunisian education system. In the experimental group, the PE teacher managed physical distancing by administering the GBG. Physical distancing was evaluated by direct observation of videos of filmed PE sessions using a code grid. It was measured twice for the two groups using Kinovea software. Results: Quantitative data analyses showed that the level of maintaining physical distancing increased after the GBG intervention in the experimental group ( p < .001). Furthermore, greater percent changes between pre- and post-intervention were identified in the experimental group compared to the control group (120% vs 1%, respectively). Conclusion: The GBG was effective in ensuring students’ physical distancing when implemented in PE settings.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)200-210
    Number of pages11
    JournalHealth Education Journal
    Issue number2
    Early online date12 Jan 2023
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


    • Game-based learning
    • Good Behaviour Game
    • Tunisia
    • physical education
    • social distancing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Education


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