The erosion performance of particle reinforced metal matrix composite coatings produced by co-deposition cold gas dynamic spraying

Tom Peat, Alexander Galloway, Athanasios Toumpis, Philip McNutt, Naveed Iqbal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
46 Downloads (Pure)


This work reports on the erosion performance of three particle reinforced metal matrix composite coatings, co-deposited with an aluminium binder via cold-gas dynamic spraying. The deposition of ceramic particles is difficult to achieve with typical cold spray techniques due to the absence of particle deformation. This issue has been overcome in the present study by simultaneously spraying the reinforcing particles with a ductile metallic binder which has led to an increased level of ceramic/cermet particles deposited on the substrate with thick (>400 μm) coatings produced. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the erosion performance of the co-deposited coatings within a slurry environment. The study also incorporated standard metallographic characterisation techniques to evaluate the distribution of reinforcing particles within the aluminium matrix. All coatings exhibited poorer erosion performance than the uncoated material, both in terms of volume loss and mass loss. The Al2O3 reinforced coating sustained the greatest amount of damage following exposure to the slurry and recorded the greatest volume loss (approx. 2.8 mm3) out of all of the examined coatings. Despite the poor erosion performance, the WC-CoCr reinforced coating demonstrated a considerable hardness increase over the as-received AA5083 (approx. 400%) and also exhibited the smallest free space length between adjacent particles. The findings of this study reveal that the removal of the AA5083 matrix by the impinging silicon carbide particles acts as the primary wear mechanism leading to the degradation of the coating. Analysis of the wear scar has demonstrated that the damage to the soft matrix alloy takes the form of ploughing and scoring which subsequently exposes carbide/oxide particles to the impinging slurry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1623-1634
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Surface Science
Early online date25 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Surface Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Surface Science, [396], (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.10.155

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.


  • Aluminium
  • Cermet
  • Cold spray
  • Erosion
  • Metal matrix composite
  • Solid liquid impingement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


Dive into the research topics of 'The erosion performance of particle reinforced metal matrix composite coatings produced by co-deposition cold gas dynamic spraying'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this