The nanoporous oxide 12CaO·7Al2O3 (C12A7) can capture large concentrations of extra-framework species inside its nanopores, while maintaining its thermodynamical stability. Here we use atomistic simulation to predict the efficacy of C12A7 to encapsulate volatile fission products, in its stoichiometric and much more effective electride forms. In the stoichiometric form, while Xe, Kr and Cs are not captured, Br, I and Te exhibit strong encapsulation energies while Rb is only weakly encapsulated from atoms. The high electronegativities of Br, I and Te stabilize their encapsulation as anions. The electride form of C12A7 shows a significant enhancement in the encapsulation of Br, I and Te with all three stable as anions from their atom and dimer reference states. Successive encapsulation of multiple Br, I and Te as single anions in adjacent cages is also energetically favourable. Conversely, Xe, Kr, Rb and Cs are unbound. Encapsulation of homonuclear dimers (Br2, I2 and Te2) and heteronuclear dimers (CsBr and CsI) in a single cage is also unfavourable. Thus, C12A7 offers the desirable prospect of species selectivity.
Kuganathan, N., Chroneos, A., & Grimes, R. W. (2019). The encapsulation selectivity for anionic fission products imparted by an electride. Scientific Reports, 9(1), . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50089-0