The effects of process gas type on the surface condition of high-power diode laser-treated ordinary Portland cement

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This paper examines the effects of using O2, Ar and He process gasses during the treatment of the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) surface of concrete with a high-power diode laser (HPDL). The study revealed that, depending on the shield gas used, distinct difference existed in the surface condition of the concrete after HPDL treatment. In particular, the use of O2 as the shield gas was seen to result in glazes with far fewer microcracks and porosities than those generated with either Ar or He shield gases. Such differences were found to be due to the smaller O2 gas molecules dissolving molecularly into the open structure of the HPDL-generated glaze on the OPC surface of concrete and react with the glass network to increase the fluidity of the melt. This in turn was also seen to affect the cooling rate and therefore the tendency to generate microcracks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalOptics and Lasers in Engineering
Issue number6
Early online date12 Oct 2001
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001
Externally publishedYes



  • Concrete
  • Gas
  • Glaze
  • High-power diode laser
  • Ordinary portland cement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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