The effects of exercise training on plasma volume variations: A systematic review

Hassane Zouhal, Fatma Rhibi, Amal Salhi, Ayyappan Jayavel, Anthony C Hackney, Ayoub Saeidi, Karuppasamy Govindasamy, Claire Tourny-Chollet, Cain C T Clark, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahmane

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on the acute and long-term effects of exercise training on PV, in both trained and untrained individuals and to examine associations between changes in %PVV and change in physical/physiological performance. Despite the status of participants and the exercise duration or intensity, all the acute studies reported a significant decrease of PV (effect size: 0.85<d<3.45, very large), and ranged between 7% and 19.9%. In untrained individuals, most of studies reported a significant increase of PV in response to different kind of training including endurance training and high intensity interval training (effect size: 0.19<d<3.52, small to very large), and ranged from 6.6% to 16%. However, in trained individuals the results are equivocal. We showed that acute exercise appears to induce a significant decrease of PV in both healthy untrained and trained individuals in response to several exercise modalities. Moreover, there is evidence that long-term exercise training induced a significant increase of PV in healthy untrained individuals. However, it seems that there is no consensus concerning the effect of long-term exercise training on PV in trained individuals.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)406-419
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
    Issue number6
    Early online date12 Oct 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2023

    Bibliographical note

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    • blood volume
    • hematocrit
    • hemoglobin
    • red blood cells

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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