The effects of emotions on football spectators’ satisfaction and behavioural intentions

Rui Biscaia, Abel Correia, António Rosado, João Marôco, Stephen Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between spectators' emotions, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions at football games. A survey was conducted among spectators of the top Portuguese professional football league during eight games (n=466). The sport emotion questionnaire was used to assess spectators' emotions and the results gathered from a structural equation model suggest that analysis of specific emotions is crucial to understand spectators' responses. Findings provide evidence that only the emotion of joy has a positive direct effect on satisfaction, as well as an indirect effect on behavioural intentions, via satisfaction. In turn, dejection has a negative direct effect on behavioural intentions, while satisfaction positively influences behavioural intentions. These results suggest managerial implications, such as the need to improve stadium atmosphere and social facilitation in order to provide an enjoyable overall experience to the spectators, and contribute to overall spectator satisfaction and positive behavioural intentions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-242
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Sport Management Quarterly
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2012

Keywords

  • emotions
  • satisfaction
  • behavioural intentions
  • clubs
  • sporting events

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