The effects of combined glucose-electrolyte and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise performance

Mike James Price, David Cripps

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study examined the effects of combined glucose and sodium bicarbonate ingestion prior to intermittent exercise. Nine males (mean ± s age 25.4 ± 6.6 years, body mass 78.8 ± 12.0 kg, maximal oxygen uptake ([V̇]O 2max) 47.0 ± 7ml · kg · min -1) undertook 4 × 45 min intermittent cycling trials including 15 × 10 s sprints one hour after ingesting placebo (PLA), glucose (CHO), sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3) or a combined CHO and NaHCO 3 solution (COMB). Post ingestion blood pH (7.45 ± 0.03, 7.46 ± 0.03, 7.32 ± 0.05, 7.32 ± 0.01) and bicarbonate (30.3 ± 2.1, 30.7 ± 1.8, 24.2 ± 1.2, 24.0 ± 1.8 mmol · l -1) were greater for NaHCO 3 and COMB when compared to PLA and CHO, remaining elevated throughout exercise (main effect for trial; P < 0.05). Blood lactate concentration was greatest throughout exercise for NaHCO 3 and COMB (main effect for trial; P < 0.05). Blood glucose concentration was greatest 15 min post-ingestion for CHO followed by COMB, NaHCO 3 and PLA (7.13 ± 0.60, 5.58 ± 0.75, 4.51 ± 0.56, 4.46 ± 0.59 mmol · l -1, respectively; P < 0.05). Gastrointestinal distress was lower during COMB compared to NaHCO 3 at 15 min post-ingestion (P < 0.05). No differences were observed for sprint performance between trials (P = 1.00). The results of this study suggest that a combined CHO and NaHCO 3 beverage reduced gastrointestinal distress and CHO availability but did not improve performance. Although there was no effect on performance an investigation of the effects in more highly trained individuals may be warranted.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)975-983
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Volume30
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

    Keywords

    • gastric emptying
    • intermittent exercise
    • pH
    • repeated sprints

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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