The effects of cadence and power output upon physiological and biomechanical responses to incremental arm-crank ergometry

Michael J. Price, Lee Collins, Paul M. Smith, Mark Goss-Sampson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cadence and power output on physiological and biomechanical responses to incremental arm-crank ergometry (ACE). Ten male subjects (mean ± SD age, 30.4 ±5.4 y; height, 1.78 ±0.07 m; mass, 86.1 ±14.2 kg) undertook 3 incremental ACE protocols to determine peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak; mean of 3 tests: 3.07 ± 0.17 L·min-1) at randomly assigned cadences of 50, 70, or 90 r·min-1. Heart rate and expired air were continually monitored. Central (RPE-C) and local (RPE-L) ratings of perceived exertion were recorded at volitional exhaustion. Joint angles and trunk rotation were analysed during each exercise stage. During submaximal power outputs of 50, 70, and 90 W, oxygen consumption (VO2) was lowest for 50 r·min-1 and highest for 90 r·min-1 (p < 0.01). VO2 peak was lowest during 50 r·min-1 (2.79 ±0.45 L·min-1; p < 0.05) when compared with both 70 r·min-1 and 90 r·min-1 (3.16 ±0.58, 3.24 ±0.49 L·min-1, respectively; p > 0.05). The difference between RPE-L and RPE-C at volitional exhaustion was greatest during 50 r·min-1 (2.9 ± 1.6) when compared with 90 r·min-1 (0.9 ± 1.9, p < 0.05). At VO 2 peak, shoulder range of motion (ROM) and trunk rotation were greater for 50 and 70 r·min-1 when compared with 90 r·min-1 (p < 0.05). During submaximal power outputs, shoulder angle and trunk rotation were greatest at 50 r·min-1 when compared with 90 r·min-1 (p < 0.05). VO2 was inversely related to both trunk rotation and shoulder ROM during submaximal power outputs. The results of this study suggest that the greater forces required at lower cadences to produce a given power output resulted in greater joint angles and range of shoulder and trunk movement. Greater isometric contractions for torso stabilization and increased cost of breathing possibly from respiratory-locomotor coupling may have contributed increased oxygen consumption at higher cadences.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)686-692
    Number of pages7
    JournalApplied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
    Volume32
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007

    Fingerprint

    Ergometry
    Arm
    Articular Range of Motion
    Oxygen Consumption
    Joints
    Torso
    Isometric Contraction
    Respiration
    Heart Rate
    Air
    Oxygen
    Costs and Cost Analysis

    Keywords

    • Crank rate
    • Local fatigue
    • Oxygen consumption
    • Perceived exertion
    • Upper-body exercise
    • VO

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
    • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Physiology (medical)

    Cite this

    The effects of cadence and power output upon physiological and biomechanical responses to incremental arm-crank ergometry. / Price, Michael J.; Collins, Lee; Smith, Paul M.; Goss-Sampson, Mark.

    In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.08.2007, p. 686-692.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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