The Effect of Walnut (Juglans regia) Leaf Extract on Glycemic Control and Lipid Profile in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Atieh Mirzababaei, Mojtaba Daneshvar, Faezeh Abaj, Elnaz Daneshzad, Dorsa Hosseininasab, Cain C. T. Clark, Khadijeh Mirzaei

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Abstract

Numerous clinical trials have examined the beneficial effects of Juglans regia leaf extract (JRLE) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the results of these studies are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted the current systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of JRLE on glycemic control and lipid profile in T2DM patients. We searched online databases including PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Web of Science for randomized controlled clinical trials that examined the effect of JRLE on glycemic and lipid indices in T2DM patients. Data were pooled using both fixed and random-effect models and weighted mean difference (WMD) was considered as the overall effect size. Of the total records, 4 eligible studies, with a total sample size of 195 subjects, were included. The meta-analysis revealed that JRLE supplementation significantly reduces fasting blood glucose (WMD, −18.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], −32.88 mg/dL, −3.21 mg/dL; p = 0.017) and significantly increases fasting insulin level (WMD, 1.93; 95% CI, 0.40 U/L, 3.45 U/L; p = 0.014). Although the overall effect of JRLE supplementation on hemoglobin A1c was not significant, a significant reduction was seen in studies with an intervention duration of > 8 weeks (WMD, −0.64; 95% CI, −1.16%, −0.11%; p = 0.018). Moreover, we also found no significant change in lipid parameters. Our findings revealed a beneficial effect of JRLE supplementation on glycemic indices in T2DM patients, but no significant improvement was found for lipid profile parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-132
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Nutrition Research
Volume11
Issue number2
Early online date25 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • Juglans
  • Glycaemic control
  • cholesterol
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • HDL-cholesterol
  • LDL-cholesterol

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