The effect of telehealth versus usual care for home care patients with long term conditions: A systematic review, meta-analysis and qualitative synthesis

Sophie McFarland, Anne Coufopoulos, Deborah Lycett

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Abstract

Introduction: Approximately 26 million people in the United Kingdom are living with one long-term condition and 10 million are living with two or more; these figures are projected to continue increasing (NHS England 2018). People with long-term conditions are two to three times more likely to have poor psychological wellbeing and utilise 50% of GP appointments, 64% of outpatient appointments and over 70 of inpatient bed days. Research in this population could help with increasing constraints on healthcare budgets and resources. Technology-enabled healthcare in the community might help improve quality of life and reduce healthcare costs of managing chronic disease but the overall impact is unclear, we therefore conducted a systematic review. Methods: Keywords and MeSH terms were used to search MEDLINE and CINAHL. We included qualitative and quantitative studies that reported on adult home-care patients diagnosed with at least one long-term condition, comparing telehealth to usual home care. Meta-analyses and sensitivity analyses were conducted using RevMan 5. Qualitative findings were thematically synthesised and reported narratively. Results: In total, 2568 studies were identified and nine (2611 participants) were included. Telehealth was not statistically significantly different versus standard home care for quality of life, psychological wellbeing, physical function, anxiety, depression, disease specific outcomes or bed days of care at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Qualitative findings showed patients found telehealth was beneficial for providing peace of mind and legitimising access to healthcare. Conclusion: Telehealth may offer reassurance to those living in the community with long-term conditions; however, a lack of high-quality studies and heterogeneity between interventions makes conclusions difficult.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
Journal Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Volume(In-press)
Early online date8 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Aug 2019

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Telemedicine
Home Care Services
Meta-Analysis
Delivery of Health Care
Appointments and Schedules
Quality of Life
Psychology
Budgets
MEDLINE
England
Health Care Costs
Inpatients
Chronic Disease
Outpatients
Anxiety
Depression
Technology
Research
Population

Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • ehealth
  • home telecare
  • telegeriatrics
  • telehealth

Cite this

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title = "The effect of telehealth versus usual care for home care patients with long term conditions: A systematic review, meta-analysis and qualitative synthesis",
abstract = "Introduction: Approximately 26 million people in the United Kingdom are living with one long-term condition and 10 million are living with two or more; these figures are projected to continue increasing (NHS England 2018). People with long-term conditions are two to three times more likely to have poor psychological wellbeing and utilise 50{\%} of GP appointments, 64{\%} of outpatient appointments and over 70 of inpatient bed days. Research in this population could help with increasing constraints on healthcare budgets and resources. Technology-enabled healthcare in the community might help improve quality of life and reduce healthcare costs of managing chronic disease but the overall impact is unclear, we therefore conducted a systematic review. Methods: Keywords and MeSH terms were used to search MEDLINE and CINAHL. We included qualitative and quantitative studies that reported on adult home-care patients diagnosed with at least one long-term condition, comparing telehealth to usual home care. Meta-analyses and sensitivity analyses were conducted using RevMan 5. Qualitative findings were thematically synthesised and reported narratively. Results: In total, 2568 studies were identified and nine (2611 participants) were included. Telehealth was not statistically significantly different versus standard home care for quality of life, psychological wellbeing, physical function, anxiety, depression, disease specific outcomes or bed days of care at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Qualitative findings showed patients found telehealth was beneficial for providing peace of mind and legitimising access to healthcare. Conclusion: Telehealth may offer reassurance to those living in the community with long-term conditions; however, a lack of high-quality studies and heterogeneity between interventions makes conclusions difficult.",
keywords = "ehealth, home telecare, telegeriatrics, telehealth",
author = "Sophie McFarland and Anne Coufopoulos and Deborah Lycett",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.",
year = "2019",
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T1 - The effect of telehealth versus usual care for home care patients with long term conditions

T2 - A systematic review, meta-analysis and qualitative synthesis

AU - McFarland, Sophie

AU - Coufopoulos, Anne

AU - Lycett, Deborah

N1 - Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

PY - 2019/8/8

Y1 - 2019/8/8

N2 - Introduction: Approximately 26 million people in the United Kingdom are living with one long-term condition and 10 million are living with two or more; these figures are projected to continue increasing (NHS England 2018). People with long-term conditions are two to three times more likely to have poor psychological wellbeing and utilise 50% of GP appointments, 64% of outpatient appointments and over 70 of inpatient bed days. Research in this population could help with increasing constraints on healthcare budgets and resources. Technology-enabled healthcare in the community might help improve quality of life and reduce healthcare costs of managing chronic disease but the overall impact is unclear, we therefore conducted a systematic review. Methods: Keywords and MeSH terms were used to search MEDLINE and CINAHL. We included qualitative and quantitative studies that reported on adult home-care patients diagnosed with at least one long-term condition, comparing telehealth to usual home care. Meta-analyses and sensitivity analyses were conducted using RevMan 5. Qualitative findings were thematically synthesised and reported narratively. Results: In total, 2568 studies were identified and nine (2611 participants) were included. Telehealth was not statistically significantly different versus standard home care for quality of life, psychological wellbeing, physical function, anxiety, depression, disease specific outcomes or bed days of care at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Qualitative findings showed patients found telehealth was beneficial for providing peace of mind and legitimising access to healthcare. Conclusion: Telehealth may offer reassurance to those living in the community with long-term conditions; however, a lack of high-quality studies and heterogeneity between interventions makes conclusions difficult.

AB - Introduction: Approximately 26 million people in the United Kingdom are living with one long-term condition and 10 million are living with two or more; these figures are projected to continue increasing (NHS England 2018). People with long-term conditions are two to three times more likely to have poor psychological wellbeing and utilise 50% of GP appointments, 64% of outpatient appointments and over 70 of inpatient bed days. Research in this population could help with increasing constraints on healthcare budgets and resources. Technology-enabled healthcare in the community might help improve quality of life and reduce healthcare costs of managing chronic disease but the overall impact is unclear, we therefore conducted a systematic review. Methods: Keywords and MeSH terms were used to search MEDLINE and CINAHL. We included qualitative and quantitative studies that reported on adult home-care patients diagnosed with at least one long-term condition, comparing telehealth to usual home care. Meta-analyses and sensitivity analyses were conducted using RevMan 5. Qualitative findings were thematically synthesised and reported narratively. Results: In total, 2568 studies were identified and nine (2611 participants) were included. Telehealth was not statistically significantly different versus standard home care for quality of life, psychological wellbeing, physical function, anxiety, depression, disease specific outcomes or bed days of care at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Qualitative findings showed patients found telehealth was beneficial for providing peace of mind and legitimising access to healthcare. Conclusion: Telehealth may offer reassurance to those living in the community with long-term conditions; however, a lack of high-quality studies and heterogeneity between interventions makes conclusions difficult.

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