The effect of pre-pregnancy body mass index on breastfeeding initiation, intention and duration: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis

Seyed-Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Jalil Hasani, Neda Izadi, Farid Najafi, Jamal Rahmani, Parisa Naseri, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Cain Clark

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Abstract

Overweight and obesity not only are major risk factors for number of chronic diseases, but also a risk factor for pregnancy complications in women. The present study aims to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy BMI and the persistence and duration of BF. The electronic databases including Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched for papers with titles and/or abstracts including one of our keywords and published up to 15 April 2019. For dose-response relationship, the two-stage random-effects meta-analysis was performed using the "dosresmeta" function in R software. Thirty-two studies with the effect of pre-pregnancy BMI on BF initiation, intention and duration were included in the present study. Based on crude and adjusted OR models, the risk of BF cessation increased by 4% (OR = 1.04; 95% CI: 1.02-1.05) with an increase in a unit of BMI. In addition, based on crude and adjusted RR models, the risk of BF cessation increases by 2% and 1% (crude RR = 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01-1.03 and adjusted RR = 1.01; 95% CI: 0.99-1.02) with an increase in one unit of BMI. Based on the result, the health care professionals and other key stakeholders should be aware of the impact excess weight, and that women who are overweight or obese should be encouraged with continued access to guidance, counseling and support, starting from conception, to maximize BF outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere05622
Number of pages8
JournalHeliyon
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Funder

Beheshti University of Medical Sciences ( 1397/69239)

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Breastfeeding
  • Clinical research
  • Duration
  • Initiation
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Pre-pregnancy
  • Public health
  • Reproductive medicine
  • Reproductive system
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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