The effect of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) on lipid profiles and glycemic indices in type 2 diabetic adults: randomized double blinded trials

Arezoo Moradi, Moahammad-Javad Tarrahi, Sara Ghasempour , Mohammadreza Shafiepour, Cain Clark, Sayyed Morteza Safavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of okra consumption on serum
levels of lipid profiles and glycemic indices in Type 2 Diabetic (T2D) patients. Methods: The present study was a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, carried out in Kerman, Iran. Sixty T2D patients were randomized into intervention and control groups, and received 10 g okra powder blended in 150 g conventional yogurt or conventional yogurt alone, along with dinner and lunch, for 8-weeks. Glycemic markers and lipid profile were assessed, as well as anthropometric measures, at the beginning and end of study.
Results: The findings showed that 8-weeks okra consumption resulted in a significant decrease in fasting plasma glucose (-15.61±19.44 vs -3.40±24.78; P=0.02), HOMA-IR (-1.17±1.61 vs -0.14±1.64; P=0.01), QUICKI (0.01±0.007 vs 0.00±0.01; P=0.004), triacylglycerol (-22.30±32.46 vs -3.86±30.57; P=0.001), total-cholesterol (-10.23±10.36 vs -2.03±13.94; P=0.004), LDL-C (-8.15±10.01 vs -2.31±9.37; P=0.02) and LDL-C/ HDL-C ratio (-0.28±0.37 vs -0.08±0.24; P=0.01). No significant difference was observed between groups in HDL-C, HbA1C, fasting insulin levels and anthropometric
measures. Conclusion: The present study suggests that okra consumption can elicit improvements in lipid profile, as well as glycemic markers, among T2D patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalPhytotherapy Research
Volume(In-press)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

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