The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria

M. J. Warne St., D. W. Connell, D. W. Hawker

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The toxicity of 32 shale oil components to a mixed marine bacterial culture and the mode of toxic joint action in mixtures of the components was assessed. The great bulk of shale oil (alkanes and alkenes) was of very low toxicity. The Pyridines were the most hazardous group of compounds tested. Based on differences in chemical structure it was not possible to predict the mode of joint action between compounds. The form of interaction in mixtures was both additive and synergistic. Thus the addition of the toxicity of individual components of shale oil would greatly underestimate the oil's true toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventWater Quality and Management for Recreation and Tourism - Proceeding of the IAWPRC Conference - Brisbane, Aust
Duration: 10 Jul 198815 Jul 1988

Fingerprint

Shale oil
ecotoxicology
oil shale
Toxicity
Bacteria
toxicity
bacterium
alkene
alkane
Pyridine
Paraffins
Olefins
Ecotoxicology
oil

Keywords

  • Toxicity
  • marine bacteria
  • shale oil components
  • mixtures
  • joint action

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria. / Warne St., M. J.; Connell, D. W.; Hawker, D. W.

In: Water Science and Technology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 01.02.1989, p. 135-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Warne St., M. J. ; Connell, D. W. ; Hawker, D. W. / The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria. In: Water Science and Technology. 1989 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 135-139.
@article{3764900c745741c2b37542359cc66945,
title = "The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria",
abstract = "The toxicity of 32 shale oil components to a mixed marine bacterial culture and the mode of toxic joint action in mixtures of the components was assessed. The great bulk of shale oil (alkanes and alkenes) was of very low toxicity. The Pyridines were the most hazardous group of compounds tested. Based on differences in chemical structure it was not possible to predict the mode of joint action between compounds. The form of interaction in mixtures was both additive and synergistic. Thus the addition of the toxicity of individual components of shale oil would greatly underestimate the oil's true toxicity.",
keywords = "Toxicity, marine bacteria, shale oil components, mixtures, joint action",
author = "{Warne St.}, {M. J.} and Connell, {D. W.} and Hawker, {D. W.}",
year = "1989",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2166/wst.1989.0040",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "135--139",
journal = "Water Science and Technology",
issn = "0273-1223",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria

AU - Warne St., M. J.

AU - Connell, D. W.

AU - Hawker, D. W.

PY - 1989/2/1

Y1 - 1989/2/1

N2 - The toxicity of 32 shale oil components to a mixed marine bacterial culture and the mode of toxic joint action in mixtures of the components was assessed. The great bulk of shale oil (alkanes and alkenes) was of very low toxicity. The Pyridines were the most hazardous group of compounds tested. Based on differences in chemical structure it was not possible to predict the mode of joint action between compounds. The form of interaction in mixtures was both additive and synergistic. Thus the addition of the toxicity of individual components of shale oil would greatly underestimate the oil's true toxicity.

AB - The toxicity of 32 shale oil components to a mixed marine bacterial culture and the mode of toxic joint action in mixtures of the components was assessed. The great bulk of shale oil (alkanes and alkenes) was of very low toxicity. The Pyridines were the most hazardous group of compounds tested. Based on differences in chemical structure it was not possible to predict the mode of joint action between compounds. The form of interaction in mixtures was both additive and synergistic. Thus the addition of the toxicity of individual components of shale oil would greatly underestimate the oil's true toxicity.

KW - Toxicity

KW - marine bacteria

KW - shale oil components

KW - mixtures

KW - joint action

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024474585&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2166/wst.1989.0040

DO - 10.2166/wst.1989.0040

M3 - Conference article

VL - 21

SP - 135

EP - 139

JO - Water Science and Technology

JF - Water Science and Technology

SN - 0273-1223

IS - 2

ER -