The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria

M. J. Warne St., D. W. Connell, D. W. Hawker

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The toxicity of 32 shale oil components to a mixed marine bacterial culture and the mode of toxic joint action in mixtures of the components was assessed. The great bulk of shale oil (alkanes and alkenes) was of very low toxicity. The Pyridines were the most hazardous group of compounds tested. Based on differences in chemical structure it was not possible to predict the mode of joint action between compounds. The form of interaction in mixtures was both additive and synergistic. Thus the addition of the toxicity of individual components of shale oil would greatly underestimate the oil's true toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventWater Quality and Management for Recreation and Tourism - Proceeding of the IAWPRC Conference - Brisbane, Aust
Duration: 10 Jul 198815 Jul 1988


  • Toxicity
  • marine bacteria
  • shale oil components
  • mixtures
  • joint action

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'The ecotoxicology of shale oil components to marine bacteria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this