The concept of integration in mixed methods research: a step-by-step guide using an example study in physiotherapy

Glykeria Skamagki, Andrew King, Christine Carpenter, Charlotte Wåhlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
309 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Integration is a unique attribute of Mixed Methods Research (MMR). However, some MMR studies, published in the field of physiotherapy and other allied health professions, have illustrated a lack of understanding of the concept of integration.

Aims
The purpose of this paper is to provide guidance for integrating elements of mixed methods research in order to effectively support evidence-based practice in health.

Methods
The concept of integration of findings is explained with reference to the author’s recent PhD study, which used a mixed methods exploratory sequential design. This article describes how the author used a narrative joint display to integrate findings from both the qualitative and survey phases of the study. Then, a step-by-step approach is introduced to guide the interpretation and integration of the findings.

Results
This four-step approach demonstrates integration of the two different datasets: Creating a joint display, linking activity, establishing relationships, and interpreting and reporting. Tables and Figures are used to support detailed description and illustration of the integration process.

Discussion
A joint display provides a visual representation of how the qualitative and quantitative findings in a MMR study can be integrated. In this way, interpretation of the data drawn from this process extend beyond the individual findings of each study component to facilitate a greater understanding of complex health care issues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiotherapy Theory and Practice
Volume40
Issue number2
Early online date7 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • Mixed methods research
  • integration
  • joint display
  • guidance

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