The Cine-geographies of the Portuguese Revolution

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


When the Portuguese Revolution (25th of April 1974) overthrew the longest dictatorial regime in Europe in the 20th century, activists, filmmakers and intellectuals flooded to Portugal to witness the unfolding of the event. The revolution was followed by two years of transition from the dictatorship to the new democratic system, Ongoing Revolutionary Process (PREC). Portuguese filmmaker Sergio Trefaut’s Another Country (1999) documents the journey of Brazilian Glauber Rocha, US American Robert Kramer, Germain Thomas Harlan, and others who have travelled to Portugal in support of the socialist revolution and to film its making. More than observers, these filmmakers had a direct influence and impact in the local scene. This presentation aims to touch upon the role of Thomas Harlan and his crew in the development of the only independent occupation of agricultural land by its daily waged workers in Torre Bela farm. In 1975, Thomas Harlan arrived in Lisbon drove from central Europe with a group of colleagues with the purpose of recording the revolution, but when they became acquaintance with the popular upheaval in Torre Bela they joined the movement. Torre Bela (1977) by Harlan it’s a document that shows both the direct participation of the workers and the problematics / complexities of Harlan’s interference. By drawing from film practices, the film cooperatives, and dialogues between local and international filmmakers, this presentation wants to explore the intertwinements between social, political and aesthetic transformations in the context of the Portuguese revolution.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2019
EventTransnational Radical Film Cultures: An International Conference on Film, Aesthetics and Politics - University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Jun 20195 Jun 2019


ConferenceTransnational Radical Film Cultures: An International Conference on Film, Aesthetics and Politics
CountryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • cinema
  • radical cinema
  • revolution
  • Portugal
  • cine-geographies
  • militant image
  • Carnation Revolution
  • curatorial
  • curating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Cultural Studies

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  • Activities

    • 1 Participation in workshop, seminar, course

    Decolonising History

    Carolina Rito (Session Chair)
    12 Oct 2018

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

    Research Output

    Contested Histories and the Curatorial: “The Portuguese Revolution Is an African Revolution”

    Rito, C., Kornetis, K. (ed.), Alexander, S., Fernández de Larrinoa, K., Papadogiannis, N., HD Geraghty, N., Ribeiro De Menezes, A., Payne, L. & Infante Batiste, V., 18 Jun 2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

  • Cinema and the Anticolonial Liberation Struggles

    Rito, C., Sep 2018

    Research output: Practice-Based and Non-textual ResearchExhibition

  • Cite this

    Rito, C. (2019). The Cine-geographies of the Portuguese Revolution. Paper presented at Transnational Radical Film Cultures: An International Conference on Film, Aesthetics and Politics, Nottingham, United Kingdom.