The bone matrix protein secreted phosphoprotein 24 kD (Spp24): bone metabolism regulator and starting material for biotherapeutic materials

Samuel S. Murray, Jeffrey C. Wang, Maria Eugenia Leite Duarte, Ke-Wei Zhao, Haijun Tian, Timothy Francis, Elsa J. Brochmann Murray

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Abstract

Secreted phosphoprotein 24 kD (Spp24) is a bone matrix protein that appears to be derived primarily from the liver and delivered to other tissues in a protective complex. A significant role in bone growth and turnover is suggested by genetic studies that associate the gene locus (SPP2) with bone mineral density and bone quality. The function of this protein in the normal bone environment is unknown but clues are given by the fact that Spp24, or proteolytic products of Spp24, bind cytokines of the TGF-? superfamily and also activate intracellular signaling pathways. Several potential biotherapeutics have been engineered from this protein including materials that enhance BMP-induced bone healing and, on the other hand, materials that inhibit BMPs in clinical situations where this is called for such as reducing BMP-induced inflammation and inhibiting tumors dependent on BMP autocrine systems. As understanding of the structure and function of this protein increases, more opportunities for rationally developed therapeutics will become apparent
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-537
JournalHistology and Histopathology
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • Bone matrix proteins
  • Bone morphogenetic protein
  • Secreted phosphoprotein 24 kD
  • SPP2
  • Spp24

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    Murray, S. S., Wang, J. C., Duarte, M. E. L., Zhao, K-W., Tian, H., Francis, T., & Brochmann Murray, E. J. (2015). The bone matrix protein secreted phosphoprotein 24 kD (Spp24): bone metabolism regulator and starting material for biotherapeutic materials. Histology and Histopathology, 30(5), 531-537. https://doi.org/10.14670/HH-30.531