The bidirectional longitudinal association between academic performance and cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents

Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Michael Duncan, Matteo Crotti, Irene Monzonís-Carda, Diego Moliner-Urdiales, Maria Reyes Beltran-Valls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. The limited prior research examining the association between academic performance and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth did not explore the reciprocal association between these constructs and analysed CVD risk factors individually. Thus, the aim of the present study was to explore the bidirectional longitudinal association between clustered CVD risk score and academic performance in adolescents over a 24 month interval.
Methods. A total of 237 adolescents (45.6% girls), aged 13.9±0.3 years old at baseline, from DADOS (Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud) study were included in this study. A clustered CVD risk score was created by calculating the mean age- and gender-standardized z-scores of waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol:high-density lipoprotein cholesterol-ratio, triglycerides, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and cardiorespiratory fitness (inversed). Academic performance was assessed through the final academic grades and the Test of Educational Abilities.
Results. Our results showed that the clustered CVD risk score at baseline was not associated with academic performance 24 months later (all p > 0.05). Nevertheless, except for physical education, academic grades at baseline were inversely associated with clustered CVD risk score at follow-up in adolescents (β ranged from -0.140 to -0.102; all p < 0.05). No associations were found between academic abilities at baseline and clustered CVD risk score at follow-up (all p > 0.05).
Conclusion. Academic grades could help predict CVD risk 24 months later during adolescence. Education professionals should foster adolescents’ academic performance not only to improve academic results but also to maximize future cardiovascular health benefits.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24069
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date15 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 The Authors. American Journal of Human Biology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made

Funder

The DADOS study was supported by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (DEP2013-45515-R) and the Universitat Jaume I (P1·1A2015-05, UJI-B2018-40, and UJI-A2019-12).

Keywords

  • cardiovascular health
  • cardiovascular risk
  • academic grades
  • adolescence

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