The association of plant-based dietary patterns with visceral adiposity, lipid accumulation product, and triglyceride-glucose index in Iranian adults

Mahshid Shahavandi, Farhang Djafari, Hossein Shahinfar , Samira Davarzani , Nadia Babaei , Kurosh Djafarian, Cain Clark, Sakineh Shab-Bidar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: We sought to investigate whether adherence to a more plant-based, and less animal-based, diet is associated with visceral adiposity, lipid accumulation product (LAP), and triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) in Iranian adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 270 adults aged between 18–75 years old. We created three plant-based diets. including an overall plant-based diet index (PDI), hPDI, and uPDI based on tertiles regarding the intake of animal- or plant-based food items obtained from a semi quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Results: Higher hPDI was significantly associated with lower body mass index (BMI) (P-value = 0.01), lower waist circumference (P-value<0.001), and lower waist-hip ratio (P-value<0.001). A significant increase was found for high density lipoproteins (HDL) (P-trend <0.001) with a significant decrease for LAP (P-value = 0.03) in those with higher adherence to hPDI. Moreover, greater adherence to PDI was associated with a significant increase in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p-value = 0.01) and fat free mass (FFM) (p-value = 0.01). There were no significant associations between PDIs and TyG and VFA. Conclusion: We found that a higher hPDI score was significantly associated with better anthropometric measurements. A significant increase was found for HDL and a significant decrease was found for LAP on hPDI. However, a higher PDI score was significantly associated with higher DBP and higher FFM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102531
JournalComplementary Therapies in Medicine
Volume53
Early online date20 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Body fat percentage
  • Dietary pattern
  • Healthful plant-based diet
  • Plant-based diet index
  • Visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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