The association of plant-based dietary patterns with visceral adiposity, lipid accumulation product, and triglyceride-glucose index in Iranian adults

Mahshid Shahavandi, Farhang Djafari, Hossein Shahinfar , Samira Davarzani , Nadia Babaei , Kurosh Djafarian, Cain Clark, Sakineh Shab-Bidar

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    7 Citations (Scopus)
    19 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: We sought to investigate whether adherence to a more plant-based, and less animal-based, diet is associated with visceral adiposity, lipid accumulation product (LAP), and triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) in Iranian adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 270 adults aged between 18–75 years old. We created three plant-based diets. including an overall plant-based diet index (PDI), hPDI, and uPDI based on tertiles regarding the intake of animal- or plant-based food items obtained from a semi quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Results: Higher hPDI was significantly associated with lower body mass index (BMI) (P-value = 0.01), lower waist circumference (P-value<0.001), and lower waist-hip ratio (P-value<0.001). A significant increase was found for high density lipoproteins (HDL) (P-trend <0.001) with a significant decrease for LAP (P-value = 0.03) in those with higher adherence to hPDI. Moreover, greater adherence to PDI was associated with a significant increase in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p-value = 0.01) and fat free mass (FFM) (p-value = 0.01). There were no significant associations between PDIs and TyG and VFA. Conclusion: We found that a higher hPDI score was significantly associated with better anthropometric measurements. A significant increase was found for HDL and a significant decrease was found for LAP on hPDI. However, a higher PDI score was significantly associated with higher DBP and higher FFM.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102531
    JournalComplementary Therapies in Medicine
    Volume53
    Early online date20 Aug 2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 53, (2020) DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102531

    © 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

    Keywords

    • Adiposity
    • Body fat percentage
    • Dietary pattern
    • Healthful plant-based diet
    • Plant-based diet index
    • Visceral fat

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Complementary and Manual Therapy
    • Complementary and alternative medicine
    • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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