The association between anthropometric variables, functional movement screen scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers

D. Bond, L. Goodson, S.W. Oxford, A. Nevill, Michael J. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study examined the association between anthropometric variables, Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in early adolescent swimmers. Fifty competitive, national level, youth swimmers (21 males, 29 females, mean age ± SD = 13.5 ± 1.5 years, age range 11–16 years) performed an “all-out” 100 m freestyle (front crawl) swim as fast as they could in a 50 m pool. A median divide for 100 m timed swim was also used to divide the sample into faster or slower groups. Height, body mass, skinfolds and limb lengths were also assessed. Maturation was calculated by proxy using anthropometric measures and participants also undertook the FMS as a measure of functional performance. Backwards linear regression indicated a significant model (p = 0.0001, Adjusted R2 = 0.638) explaining 63.8% of the variance in swim performance with total sum of skinfolds, upper leg length, lower leg length, hand length and total height significantly contributing to the model. Swimmers who were classed as fast had lower total sum of skinfolds (p = 0.005) and higher total FMS score (p = 0.005) compared to their slower peers. In summary, this study indicates that anthropometric variables significantly explained the variance in 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalSports
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Leg
Body Height
Proxy
Linear Models
Extremities
Hand

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ for full terms and conditions.

Keywords

  • pediatric
  • skinfolds
  • limb length
  • functional performance

Cite this

The association between anthropometric variables, functional movement screen scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers. / Bond, D.; Goodson, L.; Oxford, S.W.; Nevill, A.; Duncan, Michael J.

In: Sports, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ad3db92b140348a99cdffa32ab4abd16,
title = "The association between anthropometric variables, functional movement screen scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers",
abstract = "This study examined the association between anthropometric variables, Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in early adolescent swimmers. Fifty competitive, national level, youth swimmers (21 males, 29 females, mean age ± SD = 13.5 ± 1.5 years, age range 11–16 years) performed an “all-out” 100 m freestyle (front crawl) swim as fast as they could in a 50 m pool. A median divide for 100 m timed swim was also used to divide the sample into faster or slower groups. Height, body mass, skinfolds and limb lengths were also assessed. Maturation was calculated by proxy using anthropometric measures and participants also undertook the FMS as a measure of functional performance. Backwards linear regression indicated a significant model (p = 0.0001, Adjusted R2 = 0.638) explaining 63.8{\%} of the variance in swim performance with total sum of skinfolds, upper leg length, lower leg length, hand length and total height significantly contributing to the model. Swimmers who were classed as fast had lower total sum of skinfolds (p = 0.005) and higher total FMS score (p = 0.005) compared to their slower peers. In summary, this study indicates that anthropometric variables significantly explained the variance in 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers.",
keywords = "pediatric, skinfolds, limb length, functional performance",
author = "D. Bond and L. Goodson and S.W. Oxford and A. Nevill and Duncan, {Michael J.}",
note = "This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ for full terms and conditions.",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3390/sports3010001",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Sports",
issn = "2075-4663",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between anthropometric variables, functional movement screen scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers

AU - Bond, D.

AU - Goodson, L.

AU - Oxford, S.W.

AU - Nevill, A.

AU - Duncan, Michael J.

N1 - This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ for full terms and conditions.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This study examined the association between anthropometric variables, Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in early adolescent swimmers. Fifty competitive, national level, youth swimmers (21 males, 29 females, mean age ± SD = 13.5 ± 1.5 years, age range 11–16 years) performed an “all-out” 100 m freestyle (front crawl) swim as fast as they could in a 50 m pool. A median divide for 100 m timed swim was also used to divide the sample into faster or slower groups. Height, body mass, skinfolds and limb lengths were also assessed. Maturation was calculated by proxy using anthropometric measures and participants also undertook the FMS as a measure of functional performance. Backwards linear regression indicated a significant model (p = 0.0001, Adjusted R2 = 0.638) explaining 63.8% of the variance in swim performance with total sum of skinfolds, upper leg length, lower leg length, hand length and total height significantly contributing to the model. Swimmers who were classed as fast had lower total sum of skinfolds (p = 0.005) and higher total FMS score (p = 0.005) compared to their slower peers. In summary, this study indicates that anthropometric variables significantly explained the variance in 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers.

AB - This study examined the association between anthropometric variables, Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and 100 m freestyle swimming performance in early adolescent swimmers. Fifty competitive, national level, youth swimmers (21 males, 29 females, mean age ± SD = 13.5 ± 1.5 years, age range 11–16 years) performed an “all-out” 100 m freestyle (front crawl) swim as fast as they could in a 50 m pool. A median divide for 100 m timed swim was also used to divide the sample into faster or slower groups. Height, body mass, skinfolds and limb lengths were also assessed. Maturation was calculated by proxy using anthropometric measures and participants also undertook the FMS as a measure of functional performance. Backwards linear regression indicated a significant model (p = 0.0001, Adjusted R2 = 0.638) explaining 63.8% of the variance in swim performance with total sum of skinfolds, upper leg length, lower leg length, hand length and total height significantly contributing to the model. Swimmers who were classed as fast had lower total sum of skinfolds (p = 0.005) and higher total FMS score (p = 0.005) compared to their slower peers. In summary, this study indicates that anthropometric variables significantly explained the variance in 100 m freestyle swimming performance in youth swimmers.

KW - pediatric

KW - skinfolds

KW - limb length

KW - functional performance

U2 - 10.3390/sports3010001

DO - 10.3390/sports3010001

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Sports

JF - Sports

SN - 2075-4663

IS - 1

ER -