The association between adherence to alternative healthy Diet Index (AHEI) and severity, disability, duration, and frequency of migraine headache among women: a cross-sectional study

Pardis Khalili, Atieh Mirzababaei, Faezeh Abaj, Shakila Ansari, Asma Rajabi Harsini, Mahya Mehri Hajmir, Cain C. T. Clark, Khadijeh Mirzaei

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Abstract

Background: Migraine is a common brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures lasting between 4 and 72 h. Dietary factors can affect migraine headaches. The Alternative Healthy Diet Index (AHEI) is a measure of diet quality and adherence to healthy dietary patterns. This study aimed to assess the association of adherence to AHEI and severity, disability, duration, and frequency of migraine headaches. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 266 women who suffered from migraines were selected. Usual dietary intakes were assessed using a semi-quantitative, 147-item, food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). AHEI was calculated based on FFQ. The Migraine Disability Assessments (MIDAS) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) questionnaires were used to evaluate migraine disability, severity and the pain, duration and frequency of headaches. Results: People with high adherence to AHEI, compared with low adherence, had a 43% reduction in headache duration in the crude model (OR = 0.57; 95% CI 0.34, 0.97; P = 0.03), which remained significant after adjusting for potential confounders (OR = 0.56; 95% CI 0.31, 0.99; P = 0.04). No association was found between the frequency of migraine and AHEI in both crude and adjusted models (OR = 1.19; 95% CI 0.66, 2.14; P = 0.55). In addition, no significant association was found between high adherence of AHEI and odds of severe and moderate headaches (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of our study showed that people with high adherence of AHEI had a 43% reduction in duration of migraine. More studies are needed to evaluate and better understand this relationship.
Original languageEnglish
Article number41 (2023)
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition Journal
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2023

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Funder

This study was supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences and by grants from Tehran university of medical sciences (Grant number: ID: 95-03‐161‐33142 and 96‐01‐161‐34479).

Keywords

  • Alternative healthy Diet Index
  • Severity of migraine
  • Duration of migraine
  • Frequency of migraine

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