The anisotropic redistribution of free energy for gyrokinetic plasma turbulence in a Z-pinch

A. Bañón Navarro, Bogdan Teaca, F. Jenko

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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For a Z-pinch geometry, we report on the nonlinear redistribution of free energy across scales perpendicular to the magnetic guide field, for a turbulent plasma described in the framework of gyrokinetics. The analysis is performed using a local flux-surface approximation, in a regime dominated by electrostatic fluctuations driven by the entropy mode, with both ion and electron species being treated kinetically. To explore the anisotropic nature of the free energy redistribution caused by the emergence of zonal flows, we use a polar coordinate representation for the field-perpendicular directions and define an angular density for the scale flux. Positive values for the classically defined (angle integrated) scale flux, which denote a direct energy cascade, are shown to be also composed of negative angular sections, a fact that impacts our understanding of the backscatter of energy and the way in which it enters the modeling of sub-grid scales for turbulence. A definition for the flux of free energy across each perpendicular direction is introduced as well, which shows that the redistribution of energy in the presence of zonal flows is highly anisotropic.
Original languageEnglish
Article number042301
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

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The following article appeared in Physics of Plasma and may be found at


  • Free energy
  • Zonal flows
  • Plasma turbulence
  • Energy transfer
  • Z pinch

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