Technology-based methods for the assessment of fine and gross motor skill in children: A systematic overview of available solutions and future steps for effective in-field use

Cain C T Clark, Maria Cristina Bisi, Michael J Duncan, Rita Stagni

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    37 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The present review aims at providing researchers and practitioners with a holistic overview of technology-based methods for the assessment of fine and gross motor skill in children. We conducted a search of electronic databases using Web of Science, PubMed and Google Scholar, including studies published up to March 2020, that assessed fine and/or gross motor skills, and utilized technological assessment of varying study design. A total of 739 papers were initially retrieved, and after title/abstract screening, removal of duplicates, and full-text screening, 47 were included. Results suggest that motor skills can be quantitatively estimated using objective methods based on a wearable- and/or laboratory-based technology, for typically developing (TD) and non-TD children. Fine motor skill assessment solutions were; force transducers, instrumented tablets and pens, surface electromyography, and optoelectronic systems. Gross motor skill assessment solutions were; inertial measurements units, optoelectronic systems, baropodometric mats, and force platforms. This review provides a guide in identifying and evaluating the plethora of available technological solutions to motor skill assessment. Although promising, there is still a need for large-scale studies to validate these approaches in terms of accuracy, repeatability, and usability, where interdisciplinary collaborations between researchers and practitioners and transparent reporting practices should be advocated.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1236-1276
    Number of pages41
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Volume39
    Issue number11
    Early online date15 Feb 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2021

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Journal of Sports Sciences, 'Technology-based methods for the assessment of fine and gross motor skill in children: A systematic overview of available solutions and future steps for effective in-field use', Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1236-1276
    It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • Motor Skill
    • children
    • emerging
    • motor Competence
    • technology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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