Synthesis of ammonia directly from wet air at intermediate temperature

Rong Lan, Khaled A Alkhazmi, Ibrahim A Amar, Shanwen Tao

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    Abstract

    For the first time, ammonia has been directly synthesised from wet air at intermediate temperature. Ce0.8Gd0.2O2−δ (CGO)–(Li,Na,K)2CO3 electrolyte together with a new perovskite oxide Pr0.6Ba0.4Fe0.8Cu0.2O3−δ were used for electrochemical synthesis of ammonia. An ammonia formation rate of 1.07 × 10−6 mol s−1 m−2 was obtained at 400 °C when applied a voltage of 1.4 V, while wet air was introduced to the single chamber reactor. This is just slightly lower than the value of 1.83 × 10−6 mol s−1 m−2 when wet N2 was fed under the same experimental conditions. These values are two to three orders of magnitude higher than the reported ammonia formation rates when synthesised from N2 and H2O at ∼600 °C. The perovskite catalysts are also low cost compared to the Ru/MgO and Pt/C catalysts in previous reports.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)212-217
    Number of pages6
    JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
    Volume152-153
    Early online date27 Jan 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2014

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    Ammonia
    ammonia
    perovskite
    air
    Air
    Perovskite
    temperature
    catalyst
    Temperature
    Catalysts
    electrolyte
    Oxides
    Electrolytes
    oxide
    Electric potential
    cost
    Costs
    rate

    Bibliographical note

    Under a Creative Commons license

    Keywords

    • Ammonia
    • Synthesis
    • Air
    • Water
    • Intermediate temperature

    Cite this

    Synthesis of ammonia directly from wet air at intermediate temperature. / Lan, Rong; Alkhazmi, Khaled A; Amar, Ibrahim A; Tao, Shanwen .

    In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 152-153, 25.06.2014, p. 212-217.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lan, Rong ; Alkhazmi, Khaled A ; Amar, Ibrahim A ; Tao, Shanwen . / Synthesis of ammonia directly from wet air at intermediate temperature. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2014 ; Vol. 152-153. pp. 212-217.
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    AU - Lan, Rong

    AU - Alkhazmi, Khaled A

    AU - Amar, Ibrahim A

    AU - Tao, Shanwen

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    PY - 2014/6/25

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    AB - For the first time, ammonia has been directly synthesised from wet air at intermediate temperature. Ce0.8Gd0.2O2−δ (CGO)–(Li,Na,K)2CO3 electrolyte together with a new perovskite oxide Pr0.6Ba0.4Fe0.8Cu0.2O3−δ were used for electrochemical synthesis of ammonia. An ammonia formation rate of 1.07 × 10−6 mol s−1 m−2 was obtained at 400 °C when applied a voltage of 1.4 V, while wet air was introduced to the single chamber reactor. This is just slightly lower than the value of 1.83 × 10−6 mol s−1 m−2 when wet N2 was fed under the same experimental conditions. These values are two to three orders of magnitude higher than the reported ammonia formation rates when synthesised from N2 and H2O at ∼600 °C. The perovskite catalysts are also low cost compared to the Ru/MgO and Pt/C catalysts in previous reports.

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