A photocatalyst comprising nano-sized TiO2 particles on granular activated carbon (GAC) was prepared by a sol-dipping-gel process. The TiO2/GAC composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractiometry (XRD) and nitrogen sorptometry, and its photocatalytic activity was studied through the degradation of humic acid (HA) in a quartz glass reactor. The factors influencing photocatalysis were investigated and the GAC was found to be an ideal substrate for nano-sized TiO2 immobilization. A 99.5% removal efficiency for HA from solution was achieved at an initial concentration of 15mg/L in a period of 3h. It was found that degradation of HA on the TiO2/GAC composite was facilitated by the synergistic relationship between surface adsorption characteristics and photocatalytic potential. The fitting of experimental results with the Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) model showed that the reaction rate constant and the adsorption constant values were 0.1124mg/(Lmin) and 0.3402L/mg. The latter is 1.7 times of the calculated value by fitting the adsorption equilibrium data into the Langmuir equation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
- Granular activated carbon
- Humic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Environmental Chemistry
- Environmental Engineering