Swell and micro-structural characteristics of high-plasticity clay blended with cement

Samuel Abbey, Eyo Umo Eyo, Samson Ngambi

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Abstract

This study presents the effect of high plasticity on swell potential, swelling pressure and micro-structural characteristics of kaolinite-bentonite mixed clays. Five different mix ratios of kaolinite bentonite mixture of 100:0, 90:10, 75:25, 50:50 and 25:75 in % by weight of dry kaolinite were used. All five synthesised soils were then mixed with 0%, 5% and 8% of cement by weight of dry soil, cured for 28 days and subjected to the Atterberg limit, one-dimensional oedometer and scanning electron microscope test. The inclusion of 5% and 8% cement reduces the plasticity index of the treated soils as the percentage of bentonite increases. The effects on plasticity of treatment with 5% and 8% cement after a 28-day curing period was evaluated, and the results show that reduction in plasticity index resulted in decreased swell potential and swelling pressure of the kaolinite-bentonite mixed clays. The results of microstructural analysis of 5% cement-treated soils show formation of flocculated fabric and cementation of soil particles, and filling with cementitious compounds of the voids of flocculated fabric in the soil. The reduction in swell can be attributed to the resulting compacted and dense mass of treated soils due to cementation of soil particles and cation exchange. The complex swell behaviour of high-plasticity kaolinite-bentonite mix is explained using the one-dimensional oedometer test, by further experimental study and examination of the microstructure of treated soils.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
VolumePublished
Early online date5 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Dec 2019

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swell
Plasticity
plasticity
Cements
Clay
cement
Kaolinite
Bentonite
Soils
clay
bentonite
kaolinite
soil
cementation
swelling
Swelling
Soil cement
Atterberg limit
oedometer test
void

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Keywords

  • Kaolinite-bentonite mix
  • Microstructure
  • Plasticity index
  • Swell potential
  • Swell pressure
  • Swelling clay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

Swell and micro-structural characteristics of high-plasticity clay blended with cement. / Abbey, Samuel; Eyo, Eyo Umo; Ngambi, Samson.

In: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. Published, 05.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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