Sum-Rate Enhancement in Multiuser MIMO Decode-and-Forward Relay Broadcasting Channel with Energy Harvesting Relays

Fatma Benkhelifa, Ahmed Kamel Salem, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider a multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) decode-and-forward (DF) relay broadcasting channel (BC) with single source, multiple energy harvesting (EH) relays, and multiple destinations. All the nodes are equipped with multiple antennas. The EH and information decoding tasks at the relays and destinations are separated over the time, which is termed as the time switching scheme. As optimal solutions for the sum-rate maximization problems of BC channels and the MIMO interference channels are hard to obtain, the end-to-end sum rate maximization problem of a multiuser MIMO DF relay BC channel is even harder. In this paper, we propose to tackle a simplified problem, where we employ the block diagonalization (BD) procedure at the source, and we mitigate the interference between the relay-destination channels using an algorithm similar to the BD method. In order to show the relevance of our low complex proposed solution, we compare it with the minimum mean-square error (mmse) solution that was shown in the literature to be equivalent to the solution of the sum-rate maximization in the MIMO broadcasting interfering channels. We also investigate the time division multiple access (TDMA) solution, which separates all the information transmissions from the source to the relays and from the relays to the destinations over time. We provide the numerical results to show the relevance of our proposed solution, in comparison with the no co-channel interference case, the TDMA-based solution, and the mmse-based solution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3675 - 3684
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Relays
  • MIMO
  • Broadcasting
  • Receivers
  • Energy harvesting
  • Antennas
  • Time division multiple access
  • Energy efficiency


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