Sulfoacidibacillus ferrooxidans, gen. nov., sp. nov., Sulfoacidibacillus thermotolerans, gen. nov., sp. nov., and Ferroacidibacillus organovorans, gen. nov., sp. nov.: extremely acidophilic chemolitho-heterotrophic Firmicutes

D. Barrie Johnson, David S. Holmes, Eva Vergara, Roseanne Holanda, Eva Pakostova

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Abstract

Ten strains of extremely acidophilic bacteria, isolated from different environments form a distinct monophyletic clade within the phylum Firmicutes. Comparison of complete genomes of the proposed type strains confirm that they comprise two genera (proposed names Sulfoacidibacillus and Ferroacidibacillus), and at least three species (Sulfoacidibacillus ferrooxidans, Sulfoacidibacillus thermotolerans and Ferroacidibacillus organovorans). The bacterial strains share some physiological traits, including catalysing the dissimilatory oxidation and reduction of iron, and in being obligately heterotrophic. Both species of Sulfoacidibacillus are also able to oxidise elemental sulfur and tetrathionate. Both S. ferrooxidans and Ferroacidibacillus spp. are mesophilic, while S. thermotolerans isolates are moderate thermophiles. The isolates display different degrees of acid-tolerance: Ferroacidibacillus spp. are the most acid-sensitive while the type strain of S. ferrooxidans grows at pH 0.9. MK7 was detected as the sole menaquinone present in all three nominated type strains, and their peptidoglycans all contain meso-2,6 diaminopimelic acid type A1γ. The chromosomal DNA of the strains examined contain between 44 and 52 mol% G + C. The nominated type strains of the new species are S. ferrooxidans S 0AB T (= DSM 105355 T = JCM 33225 T); S. thermotolerans Y002 T (= ATCC TSD-104 T = JCM 31946 T); F. organovorans SLC66 T (= ATCC TSD-103 T = JCM 31945 T).

Original languageEnglish
Article number104008
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Microbiology
Volume174
Issue number3
Early online date15 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Institut Pasteur. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://
creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Keywords

  • Sulfoacidibacillus
  • Ferroacidibacillus
  • Acidophiles
  • Iron oxidation
  • Oxidation

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