In-vehicle information systems (IVIS) are a common feature in modern vehicles. The interaction of drivers with IVIS when driving must be considered to minimise distraction whilst maintaining the benefits provided. This research investigates the glance behaviours of drivers, assessed from video data, when using two functions - a personal navigation device (study 1) and a green driving advisory device (study 2). The main focus was to establish the number of glances of 2 seconds or more to the IVIS and relate this to driver safety (as stipulated in new guidelines for use of IVIS proposed by NHTSA). In study 1, the percentage of eyesoff- road time for drivers was much greater in the experimental (with device) condition compared to the baseline condition (14.3% compared to 6.7%) but, whilst glances to the personal navigation device accounted for the majority of the increase, there were very few which exceeded 2 seconds. Drivers in study 2 spent on average 4.3% of their time looking at the system, at an average of 0.43 seconds per glance; no glances exceeded 2 seconds. The research showed that ordinary use of IVIS (excluding manual interaction) does not lead to driver visual distraction and therefore the impact on safety is minimal. The results of the study have important design implications for future in-vehicle information systems.
|Title of host publication||2013 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference: IRCOBI 2013 - Gothenburg, Sweden|
Duration: 11 Sep 2013 → 13 Sep 2013
|Conference||International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference|
|Period||11/09/13 → 13/09/13|