Strategic competitiveness in maritime clusters

Peter J. Stavroulakis, Stratos Papadimitriou, Vangelis Tsioumas, Ioannis Koliousis, Elena Riza, Erenia Olga Kontolatou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
206 Downloads (Pure)


For decades, research into the domain of maritime clusters has provided interesting results, for practice and academia alike. The body of knowledge has crystalized into the conclusive importance of these types of clusters for regional and even national competitiveness, rendering lateral implications for strategy and policy. Even though the general premise of the literature has been founded, research into distinctive facets of these industrial entities is sparse. The latter includes quantitative analysis of variables that hold a definitive impact for strategic management within clusters. The objective of the present work is to address this gap in the research, through exploratory data mining among the factors that affect competitiveness in maritime clusters. Within a structured review of the body of knowledge concerning maritime clusters, an inventory of strategic factors is extracted. These factors are sorted per Likert-type importance and exploratory cluster analysis is conducted. Through this methodology, items with strong correlations are grouped and an importance-based narrative for the competitiveness of maritime clusters is developed. The results of this research can be further utilized for benchmarking purposes within the realm of managerial practice, inclusive of the fields of policy and strategy. In addition, this work can provide a stepping-stone for future research, as many qualitative and quantitative instruments may be utilized to validate or challenge the results generated herein.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-348
Number of pages8
JournalCase Studies on Transport Policy
Issue number2
Early online date18 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Case Studies on Transport Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Case Studies on Transport Policy, 8:2 (2020)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cstp.2019.10.008

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Cluster analysis
  • Competitiveness
  • Cronbach's alpha
  • Exploratory analysis
  • Industrial cluster
  • Strategic management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Urban Studies


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