Stormwater harvesting for irrigation purposes: An investigation of chemical quality of water recycled in pervious pavement system

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Abstract

Most available water resources in the world are used for agricultural irrigation. Whilst this level of water use is expected to increase due to rising world population and land use, available water resources are expected to become limited due to climate change and uneven rainfall distribution. Recycled stormwater has the potential to be used as an alternative source of irrigation water and part of sustainable water management strategy. This paper reports on a study to investigate whether a sustainable urban drainage system (SUDS) technique, known as the pervious pavements system (PPS) has the capability to recycle water that meets irrigation water quality standard. Furthermore, the experiment provided information on the impact of hydrocarbon (which was applied to simulate oil dripping from parked vehicles onto PPS), leaching of nutrients from different layers of the PPS and effects of nutrients (applied to enhance bioremediation) on the stormwater recycling efficiency of the PPS. A weekly dose of 6.23×10-3L of lubricating oil and single dose of 17.06g of polymer coated controlled-release fertilizer granules were applied to the series of 710mm×360mm model pervious pavement structure except the controls. Rainfall intensity of 7.4mm/h was applied to the test models at the rate of 3 events per week. Analysis of the recycled water showed that PPS has the capability to recycle stormwater to a quality that meets the chemical standards for use in agricultural irrigation irrespective of the type of sub-base used. There is a potential benefit of nutrient availability in recycled water for plants, but care should be taken not to dispose of this water in natural water courses as it might result in eutrophication problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-256
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume147
Issue number1
Early online date23 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Stormwater
  • Pervious pavements
  • Water reuse
  • Water quality
  • Irrigation

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