Stop-app: Using the Behaviour Change Wheel to develop an app to increase uptake and attendance at NHS Stop Smoking Services.

Emmie Fulton, Katherine Brown, Kayleigh Kwah, S. Wild

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    57 Citations (Scopus)
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    Smokers who attend NHS Stop Smoking Services (SSS) are four times more likely to stop smoking; however, uptake has been in decline. We report the development of an intervention designed to increase uptake of SSS, from a more motivated self-selected sample of smokers. In Phase 1 we collected data to explore the barriers and facilitators to people using SSS. In Phase 2, data from extant literature and Phase 1 were subject to behavioural analysis, as outlined by the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) framework. Relevant Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) were identified in order to address these, informing the content of the StopApp intervention. In Phase 3 we assessed the acceptability of the StopApp. Smokers and ex-smokers identified a number of barriers to attending SSS, including a lack of knowledge about what happens at SSS (Capability); the belief that SSS is not easy to access (Opportunity); that there would be ’scare tactics’ or ‘nagging’; and not knowing anyone who had been and successfully quit (Motivation). The ‘StopApp’ is in development and will link in with the commissioned SSS booking system. Examples of the content and functionality of the app are outlined. The next phase will involve a full trial to test effectiveness.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number31
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2016

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    • behaviour change
    • COM-B
    • behaviour change wheel
    • stop smoking services
    • web-app
    • eReferral


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