Statistical channel modelling of dynamic vehicular visible light communication system

Farah Mahdi Yaseen Al-Sallami, Zahir Ahmad, Stanislav Zvanovec, Paul Anthony Haigh, Olivier Haas, Sujan Rajbhandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
270 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies a statistical channel model for dynamic vehicular visible light communication systems. The proposed model considers the effect of variation in inter-vehicular spacing and the geometrical changes on path loss of the channel. The study also considers different weather conditions and vehicle mobility based on a realistic traffic flow model that considers traffic density during different times of the day. Monte Carlo simulation is used to examine the obtained statistical model for different transmission scenarios. In addition, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for the statistical model and Monte Carlo simulation has been performed to verify that they represent the same distribution. The results show that the channel statistical distribution varies with the traffic flow and inter-vehicular spacing, which changes at different times of the day. The results also show that the path loss values of the non-line-of-sight component are significantly larger than the path loss values of the line-of-sight component of the channel when a single reflector is considered. However, at rush hours, when inter-vehicle spacing becomes shorter, the path loss value of multiple reflections decreases significantly.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100339
Number of pages12
JournalVehicular Communications
Early online date2 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Vehicular Communications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Vehicular Communications, 29, (2021) DOI: 10.1016/j.vehcom.2021.100339

© 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Outdoor channel model
  • Statistical channel model
  • Vehicular communication
  • Visible Light Communication (VLC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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