States of Conflict: Causes and patterns of forced migration to the EU and policy response

Heaven Crawley, Stephen Castles, Sean Loughna

    Research output: Book/ReportOther reportpeer-review


    The global refugee population in 2003 is more than 12 million. Over the last 15 years, Europe has seen the arrival of millions of individuals who have sought asylum within individual Member States. Despite the fact that the top ten nationalities arriving in European countries are from countries which have seen high levels of violence, oppression and conflict, asylum seekers have been treated with increasingly contempt and disdain by policy makers and the public alike.

    States of Conflict undertakes for the first time an empirical analysis of the overall conditions in the countries from which asylum seekers originate. It asks some critical questions about the causes of forced migration and its consequences for patterns of migration to Europe. It also assesses the role of the European Commission in reducing the number of asylum seekers arriving at its borders.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherInstitute for Public Policy Research
    Commissioning bodyEuropean Commission
    Number of pages69
    ISBN (Print)1 86030 215 5
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


    • asylum
    • Refugees
    • Europe
    • Conflict
    • Persecution
    • Human rights
    • Policy


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