Spinal cord injuries

Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey, Jennifer Krempien, Mike Price

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Nutrition recommendations currently used in sport for those with an impairment are primarily based upon data from able-bodied athletes (as outlined in Chapter 3), but these are almost certainly not directly transferable to athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI). As an example, the smaller working muscle mass used by an athlete with SCI during wheelchair propulsion will lead to lower energy requirements during training than those of able-bodied (AB) athletes (Glaser 1985) in equivalent sports (Price 2010). Furthermore, there may be considerable muscle atrophy in the lower limbs, leading to a lower resting metabolic rate and, in turn, a further reduction in daily energy expenditure (EE). To prevent unwanted weight gain, energy intake must be correspondingly reduced. Consequently, a number of intriguing questions centre on the physiology of individuals with SCI particularly in relation to EE, energy requirements and performance, all of which will be discussed in this chapter. For the purposes of this chapter, spinal cord injuries include spina bifida and traumatic and nontraumatic spinal cord lesions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes
    Place of PublicationBoca Raton
    PublisherCRC Press
    Chapter4
    Pages67-90
    Number of pages24
    Edition1
    ISBN (Electronic)9781466507579
    ISBN (Print)9781466507562
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Professions(all)
    • Medicine(all)

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