Speciation of hydrocarbon and carbonyl emissions of 2,5-dimethylfuran combustion in a DISI engine

Ritchie Daniel, Lixia Wei, Hongming Xu, Chongming Wang, Miroslaw L. Wyszynski, Shijin Shuai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is known that species in the exhaust gas of automobile engines vary\nwith fuel. As such, there is a need to understand the individual\nhydrocarbon (HC) and carbonyl (aldehydes and ketones) emissions from\nmodern engines, especially as the use of alternative and renewable\nbiofuels is set to rise. For gasoline, a promising candidate biofuel is\n2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF). This work presents the key individual HCs that\nhave been identified using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS)\nand quantifies the emissions of 13 different carbonyls as specified by\nthe California Air Resources Board (CARB) Method 1004 using high\nperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The tests were conducted on a\nsingle cylinder direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engine at 1500\nrpm, lambda = 1 and constant ignition timing. For the GC analysis, the\nmidrange HCs were identified using the mass spectra. The results showed\nthat unburned fuel (DMF) dominates the emissions. Other main emissions\ninclude cyclopentadiene, methyl vinyl ketone, 2-methylfuran, and\naromatics. There was no evidence of the emissions of linear alkanes\nexcept methane. DMF produced the lowest overall carbonyl emissions\ncompared with methanol, ethanol, n-butanol, and gasoline and, more\nimportantly, the lowest emissions of formaldehyde.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6661-6668
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy & Fuels
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2012

Fingerprint

Direct injection
Hydrocarbons
Internal combustion engines
Ketones
Gasoline
Automobile engines
Cyclopentanes
1-Butanol
Alkanes
Biofuels
Liquid chromatography
Methane
Engine cylinders
Exhaust gases
Aldehydes
Butenes
Formaldehyde
Gas chromatography
Paraffins
Mass spectrometry

Cite this

Speciation of hydrocarbon and carbonyl emissions of 2,5-dimethylfuran combustion in a DISI engine. / Daniel, Ritchie; Wei, Lixia; Xu, Hongming; Wang, Chongming; Wyszynski, Miroslaw L.; Shuai, Shijin.

In: Energy & Fuels, 15.11.2012, p. 6661-6668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Daniel, Ritchie ; Wei, Lixia ; Xu, Hongming ; Wang, Chongming ; Wyszynski, Miroslaw L. ; Shuai, Shijin. / Speciation of hydrocarbon and carbonyl emissions of 2,5-dimethylfuran combustion in a DISI engine. In: Energy & Fuels. 2012 ; pp. 6661-6668.
@article{c008548224a146eb9284dfa5189c2650,
title = "Speciation of hydrocarbon and carbonyl emissions of 2,5-dimethylfuran combustion in a DISI engine",
abstract = "It is known that species in the exhaust gas of automobile engines vary\nwith fuel. As such, there is a need to understand the individual\nhydrocarbon (HC) and carbonyl (aldehydes and ketones) emissions from\nmodern engines, especially as the use of alternative and renewable\nbiofuels is set to rise. For gasoline, a promising candidate biofuel is\n2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF). This work presents the key individual HCs that\nhave been identified using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS)\nand quantifies the emissions of 13 different carbonyls as specified by\nthe California Air Resources Board (CARB) Method 1004 using high\nperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The tests were conducted on a\nsingle cylinder direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engine at 1500\nrpm, lambda = 1 and constant ignition timing. For the GC analysis, the\nmidrange HCs were identified using the mass spectra. The results showed\nthat unburned fuel (DMF) dominates the emissions. Other main emissions\ninclude cyclopentadiene, methyl vinyl ketone, 2-methylfuran, and\naromatics. There was no evidence of the emissions of linear alkanes\nexcept methane. DMF produced the lowest overall carbonyl emissions\ncompared with methanol, ethanol, n-butanol, and gasoline and, more\nimportantly, the lowest emissions of formaldehyde.",
author = "Ritchie Daniel and Lixia Wei and Hongming Xu and Chongming Wang and Wyszynski, {Miroslaw L.} and Shijin Shuai",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/ef301236f",
language = "English",
pages = "6661--6668",
journal = "Energy & Fuels",
issn = "0887-0624",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Speciation of hydrocarbon and carbonyl emissions of 2,5-dimethylfuran combustion in a DISI engine

AU - Daniel, Ritchie

AU - Wei, Lixia

AU - Xu, Hongming

AU - Wang, Chongming

AU - Wyszynski, Miroslaw L.

AU - Shuai, Shijin

PY - 2012/11/15

Y1 - 2012/11/15

N2 - It is known that species in the exhaust gas of automobile engines vary\nwith fuel. As such, there is a need to understand the individual\nhydrocarbon (HC) and carbonyl (aldehydes and ketones) emissions from\nmodern engines, especially as the use of alternative and renewable\nbiofuels is set to rise. For gasoline, a promising candidate biofuel is\n2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF). This work presents the key individual HCs that\nhave been identified using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS)\nand quantifies the emissions of 13 different carbonyls as specified by\nthe California Air Resources Board (CARB) Method 1004 using high\nperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The tests were conducted on a\nsingle cylinder direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engine at 1500\nrpm, lambda = 1 and constant ignition timing. For the GC analysis, the\nmidrange HCs were identified using the mass spectra. The results showed\nthat unburned fuel (DMF) dominates the emissions. Other main emissions\ninclude cyclopentadiene, methyl vinyl ketone, 2-methylfuran, and\naromatics. There was no evidence of the emissions of linear alkanes\nexcept methane. DMF produced the lowest overall carbonyl emissions\ncompared with methanol, ethanol, n-butanol, and gasoline and, more\nimportantly, the lowest emissions of formaldehyde.

AB - It is known that species in the exhaust gas of automobile engines vary\nwith fuel. As such, there is a need to understand the individual\nhydrocarbon (HC) and carbonyl (aldehydes and ketones) emissions from\nmodern engines, especially as the use of alternative and renewable\nbiofuels is set to rise. For gasoline, a promising candidate biofuel is\n2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF). This work presents the key individual HCs that\nhave been identified using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS)\nand quantifies the emissions of 13 different carbonyls as specified by\nthe California Air Resources Board (CARB) Method 1004 using high\nperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The tests were conducted on a\nsingle cylinder direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engine at 1500\nrpm, lambda = 1 and constant ignition timing. For the GC analysis, the\nmidrange HCs were identified using the mass spectra. The results showed\nthat unburned fuel (DMF) dominates the emissions. Other main emissions\ninclude cyclopentadiene, methyl vinyl ketone, 2-methylfuran, and\naromatics. There was no evidence of the emissions of linear alkanes\nexcept methane. DMF produced the lowest overall carbonyl emissions\ncompared with methanol, ethanol, n-butanol, and gasoline and, more\nimportantly, the lowest emissions of formaldehyde.

U2 - 10.1021/ef301236f

DO - 10.1021/ef301236f

M3 - Article

SP - 6661

EP - 6668

JO - Energy & Fuels

JF - Energy & Fuels

SN - 0887-0624

ER -