Sociodemographic factors associated with anaemia in pregnancy at booking for antenatal care

A. I. Adanikin, J. O. Awoleke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Late patronage of antenatal care by women in low-resource areas makes timely intervention at correcting anaemia difficult. This study aimed to identify modifiable sociodemographic factors that predict anaemia before commencing antenatal care and make appropriate recommendation. A survey of sociodemographic features and haemoglobin concentrations of 232 women booking for antenatal care was conducted. Anaemia was diagnosed in 119 (51.3%), of which 87 (37.5%) had mild anaemia and 32 (13.8%) were moderately anaemic. There was no severe anaemia. Anaemia was highest among respondents who were ≥ 35 years of age, Muslims, of Igbo ethnicity (64.3%), single (55.0%), student/unemployed (58.8%), nulliparous (57.3%) and those who registered at ≥ 21 weeks' gestation (54.2%). Only occupation of the woman showed association with anaemia before antenatal care (p = 0.007). A personal source of income may reduce anaemia in pregnancy; and it is advisable to have a social welfare package for unemployed pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-47
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaemia
  • antenatal care
  • demographic features
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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