Social and Environmental Sustainability, Workers' Well-Being, and Affective Organizational Commitment in Palm Oil Industries

Sahar E-Vahdati, Nor Azila Mohd Noor, Pie Yew Mah, Francis Chuah, Filzah Md Isa

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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This paper examines the relationship between social and environmental sustainability and workers’ well-being as well as the mediation role of affective organizational commitment for those relationships through social exchange and stakeholder theories. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 112 workers employed in palm oil plantations in Malaysia. Structural equation modeling was then applied to examine the hypotheses. Findings show that social and environmental sustainability positively relates to workers’ well-being. We also found that affective commitment positively mediates social and environmental sustainability relationships with workers’ well-being. Our research findings have practical implications for various stakeholders, such as investors, policymakers, and managers in the palm oil industry. Our results highlight the importance of addressing the well-being of workers and the sustainability factors in palm oil plantations. This study suggests a widened perspective on sustainability factors and well-being which allows professionals to evaluate and enhance sustainability across their operations in a more comprehensive manner.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9514
Number of pages16
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (


This paper was supported and funded by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) Malaysia through Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2020/SS01/UUM/02/8) with project ID (18452), and SO Code:14841.


  • social
  • environmental
  • sustainability
  • workers’ well-being
  • organizational commitment
  • palm oil industry


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