Smart Cutting Tools and Smart Machining: Development Approaches, and Their Implementation and Application Perspectives

Kai Cheng, Zhi-Chao Niu, Robin Wang, Richard Rakowski, Richard Bateman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)


Smart machining has tremendous potential and is becoming one of new generation high value precision manufacturing technologies in line with the advance of Industry 4.0 concepts. This paper presents some innovative design concepts and, in particular, the development of four types of smart cutting tools, including a force-based smart cutting tool, a temperature-based internally-cooled cutting tool, a fast tool servo (FTS) and smart collets for ultraprecision and micro manufacturing purposes. Implementation and application perspectives of these smart cutting tools are explored and discussed particularly for smart machining against a number of industrial application requirements. They are contamination-free machining,machining of tool-wear-prone Si-based infra-red devices and medical applications, high speed micro milling and micro drilling, etc. Furthermore, implementation techniques are presented focusing on: (a) plug-and-produce
design principle and the associated smart control algorithms, (b) piezoelectric film and surface acoustic wave transducers to measure cutting forces in process, (c) critical cutting temperature control in real-time machining, (d) inprocess calibration through machining trials, (e) FE-based design and analysis of smart cutting tools, and (f) application exemplars on adaptive smart machining.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1162-1176
Number of pages15
JournalChinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Issue number5
Early online date11 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


  • Smart cutting tool
  • Smart machining
  • Fast tool servo (FTS)
  • Precision machining
  • Micro manufacturing
  • Smart tooling

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