Small Island Developing States (SIDS), while at the forefront of international climate action, face a number of development challenges linked to their historic, geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Small populations and limited energy demand cap the penetration of renewable energy technologies. Electric vehicles offer solutions for electricity storage, grid services, reduced fuel imports, and reduced pollution with associated health benefits. This paper provides a comprehensive review of literature on island applications of electric vehicles, making the case for SIDS as an area of opportunity for further exploration, and presenting the southern Caribbean island of Barbados as a case study.
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- Electric Vehicles
- Vehicle-to-grid services
Gay, D., Rogers, T., & Shirley, R. (2018). Small Island Developing States and their suitability for electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid services. Utilities Policy, 55, 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2018.09.006