Slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth and possibilities of its application for evaluation of stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C

Boleslav Eremias, Vit Janik, Vladimir Cihal, Eva Kalabisova

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Results are summarized of the feasibility of using slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth for the evaluation of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. First a brief note is presented about the historical background of the concept of discussion of SCC results received in the constant extension rate test (CERT) of stainless steels in terms of phenomenological model that incorporates a slip-dissolution mechanism and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, introducing of the average near crack-tip strain rate, ε̄T and average crack growth rate αav as quantities measurable in CERT test has allowed a comparison to existing theoretical model of Ford. This idea has been used in our slow strain rate tests (SSRT) of duplex stainless steels (DSS) in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. It is shown that experimental values of ε̄T and αav determined in SSRT experiments for several duplex stainless steels in 20%NaCl-H2S (pH=4) at 120°C can be used for calculation of input parameters of the slip-dissolution model for stress-corrosion cracking. It has only been possible due to exact analysis of stress-vs.-strain curves and the determination of supposed value for fracture-strain of oxide film at crack tip, f. (Values of rate constant for the bare surface reaction at the crack tip, k and current decay exponent at the crack tip, m estimated for various partial pressures H2S (ppH2S) made possible the evaluation of changing electrochemical conditions under which cracks occur in various DSS during mentioned SSRT experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventEuropean Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 7 Sep 200811 Sep 2008

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability
Abbreviated titleEUROCORR 2008
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period7/09/0811/09/08

Fingerprint

stress corrosion
stress corrosion cracking
Hydrogen Sulfide
hydrogen sulfide
Stainless Steel
Hydrogen sulfide
Stress corrosion cracking
Chlorides
stainless steels
Crack propagation
dissolving
Dissolution
slip
Stainless steel
cracks
Crack tips
chlorides
crack tips
Corrosion
Strain rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Eremias, B., Janik, V., Cihal, V., & Kalabisova, E. (2008). Slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth and possibilities of its application for evaluation of stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. Paper presented at European Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth and possibilities of its application for evaluation of stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. / Eremias, Boleslav; Janik, Vit; Cihal, Vladimir; Kalabisova, Eva.

2008. Paper presented at European Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Eremias, B, Janik, V, Cihal, V & Kalabisova, E 2008, 'Slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth and possibilities of its application for evaluation of stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C' Paper presented at European Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 7/09/08 - 11/09/08, .
Eremias, Boleslav ; Janik, Vit ; Cihal, Vladimir ; Kalabisova, Eva. / Slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth and possibilities of its application for evaluation of stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. Paper presented at European Corrosion Congress: Managing Corrosion for Sustainability, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.1 p.
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abstract = "Results are summarized of the feasibility of using slip-dissolution model of stress corrosion crack growth for the evaluation of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of duplex stainless steels in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. First a brief note is presented about the historical background of the concept of discussion of SCC results received in the constant extension rate test (CERT) of stainless steels in terms of phenomenological model that incorporates a slip-dissolution mechanism and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, introducing of the average near crack-tip strain rate, ε̄T and average crack growth rate αav as quantities measurable in CERT test has allowed a comparison to existing theoretical model of Ford. This idea has been used in our slow strain rate tests (SSRT) of duplex stainless steels (DSS) in hydrogen sulfide-chloride environments at 120°C. It is shown that experimental values of ε̄T and αav determined in SSRT experiments for several duplex stainless steels in 20{\%}NaCl-H2S (pH=4) at 120°C can be used for calculation of input parameters of the slip-dissolution model for stress-corrosion cracking. It has only been possible due to exact analysis of stress-vs.-strain curves and the determination of supposed value for fracture-strain of oxide film at crack tip, f. (Values of rate constant for the bare surface reaction at the crack tip, k and current decay exponent at the crack tip, m estimated for various partial pressures H2S (ppH2S) made possible the evaluation of changing electrochemical conditions under which cracks occur in various DSS during mentioned SSRT experiments.",
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