Simulation of thermal comfort conditions of an air-conditioned cafeteria in the tropics

A. Zainuddin, N. M. Adam, I. H. Rusli, Q. J. Kwong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper studies the current thermal comfort condition of an air-conditioned cafeteria based on objective measurements and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling. Indoor comfort parameters such as temperature and airflow rate were simulated by a CFD tool. The results from field measurements and predicted values were then compared and contrasted. A simulated model that has the same geometrical configuration as the cafeteria was set as a benchmark model. Several additional models with different configuration of cafeteria layouts were proposed to achieve the required air temperature. It was found that the predicted results from the proposed models showed even distributions of airflow characteristics and temperature gradients. To maintain a thermally-acceptable air temperature of 28 °C, it is proposed that an additional air-conditioning unit be retrofitted to the current cafeteria layout.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783038264897
ISBN (Print)9783038351085
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventAdvances in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 25 Nov 201328 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482


ConferenceAdvances in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Abbreviated titleICAM2E 2013
CityKuala Lumpur


  • Cafeteria
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Field measurements
  • Simulation
  • Thermal comfort
  • Tropics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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