Corrosion of steel reinforcement is the major cause of deterioration in concrete structures, and carbon dioxide and especially chlorides are the main causes of damage. The rate at which chloride ions diffuse through concrete is a major determinant of the durability of structures. If chloride ions reach the vicinity of the rebar, the passive film around the steel can start to break down and the process of corrosion begins.
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
Bibliographical noteThe full text is available free from the link given. Paper presented at the Strategies for Sustainable Concrete Structures: Numerical Modelling conference, held May 29-June 1, 2012, Aix-en-Provence, France.
- chloride ions