Simulation of flow pattern at rectangular lateral intake with different dike and submerged vane scenarios

Hojat Karami, Saeed Farzin, Mohammad Tavakol Sadrabadi, Hasan Moazeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


A comprehensive understanding of the sediment behavior at the entrance of diversion channels requires complete knowledge of three-dimensional (3D) flow behavior around such structures. Dikes and submerged vanes are typical structures used to control sediment entrainment in the diversion channel. In this study, a 3D computational fluid dynamic (CFD) code was calibrated with experimental data and used to evaluate flow patterns, the diversion ratio of discharge, the strength of secondary flow, and dimensions of the vortex inside the channel in various dike and submerged vane installation scenarios. Results show that the diversion ratio of discharge in the diversion channel is dependent on the width of the flow separation plate in the main channel. A dike perpendicular to the flow with a narrowing ratio of 0.20 doubles the ratio of diverted discharge in addition to reducing suspended sediment input to the basin, compared with a no-dike situation, by creating the outer arch conditions. A further increase in the narrowing ratio decreases the diverted discharge. In addition, increasing the longitudinal distance between consecutive vanes () increases the velocity gradient between the vanes and leads to a more severe erosion of the bed, near the vanes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-255
Number of pages10
JournalWater Science and Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


  • Three-dimensional simulation
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Submerged vanes
  • Dike
  • Side and vortex flow


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