In conflict studies, identity has been posited as an explanatory factor of the resilience of insurgencies. This article focuses on the identity formation of the National Liberation Army (ELN), a leftist insurgency group in Colombia. As a Marxist–Leninist organisation, the ELN aims to overcome capitalism. In their perception, this is possible via the transformation of the individual into a ‘collective personality’. Along the dimensions of ‘content’ and ‘contestation’, we will demonstrate the mechanisms they impose for such identity formation. Identity, as we will argue, is a main factor in explaining why people participate in this insurgency and thereby enhance its resilience.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Small Wars & Insurgencies|
|Early online date||5 Mar 2015|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 5 Mar 2015|
- Marxist–Leninist insurgencies
- guerrilla movements