Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the Health Foundation's Co-Creating Health (CCH) group self-management programme (SMP) for adult patients with type 2 diabetes on patient activation and quality of life. Material and methods: We conducted a multisite longitudinal study of 283 patients (mean age 62.3 years, SD 11.1; 43% ethnic minority; 51% female). Primary outcomes were patient activation, and diabetes and health related quality of life. Secondary outcomes included health status, psychological distress, and self-management ability. Data were collected immediately before the first SMP session (baseline) and 6 months after completing the programme. Quantitative analyses were based on mixed models using intent-to-treat and per-protocol procedures. Results: Sixty percent of patients who signed up for SMP completed the programme. Patient activation significantly improved 6 months after the SMP (p <0.0001), and 60.2% of course completers showed meaningful improvement. Diabetes-related quality of life also improved significantly 6 months post course (p <0.0001). About a quarter of SMP completers showed substantial improvement in self-management skills. Conclusions: Attending the UK SMP for adults with type 2 diabetes leads to improvements in patient activation, diabetes-related quality of life, and improved confidence and ability to self-manage their condition. Improvement in patient activation is an important finding because activated patients participate in collaborative decision-making with their clinicians, report improved health-related behaviours and clinical outcomes, and better adhere to treatment.
- patient activation
- type 2 diabetes