Self-management support interventions for stroke survivors: a systematic meta-review

H.L. Parke, E. Epiphaniou, Gemma Pearce, S.J.C. Taylor, A. Sheikh, C.J. Griffiths, T. Greenhalgh, H. Pinnock

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    Background: There is considerable policy interest in promoting self-management in patients with long-term conditions, but it remains uncertain whether these interventions are effective in stroke patients. Design: Systematic meta-review of the evidence for self-management support interventions with stroke survivors to inform provision of healthcare services. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, AMED, BNI, Database of Abstracts of Reviews for Effectiveness, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for systematic reviews of self-management support interventions for stroke survivors. Quality was assessed using the R-AMSTAR tool, and data extracted using a customised data extraction form. We undertook a narrative synthesis of the reviews' findings. Results: From 12,400 titles we selected 13 systematic reviews (published 2003-2012) representing 101 individual trials. Although the term ‘self-management’ was rarely used, key elements of self-management support such as goal setting, action planning, and problem solving were core components of therapy rehabilitation interventions. We found high quality evidence that supported self-management in the context of therapy rehabilitation delivered soon after the stroke event resulted in short-term (<1 year) improvements in basic and extended activities of daily living, and a reduction in poor outcomes (dependence/death). There is some evidence that rehabilitation and problem solving interventions facilitated reintegration into the community. Conclusions: Self-management terminology is rarely used in the context of stroke. However, therapy rehabilitation currently successfully delivers elements of self-management support to stroke survivors and their caregivers with improved outcomes. Future research should focus on managing the emotional, medical and social tasks of long-term survivorship.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0131448
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2015

    Bibliographical note

    © 2015 Parke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited


    • stroke
    • self-management
    • systematic meta-review


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