Self-management support interventions for stroke survivors: a systematic meta-review

H.L. Parke, E. Epiphaniou, Gemma Pearce, S.J.C. Taylor, A. Sheikh, C.J. Griffiths, T. Greenhalgh, H. Pinnock

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    Abstract

    Background: There is considerable policy interest in promoting self-management in patients with long-term conditions, but it remains uncertain whether these interventions are effective in stroke patients. Design: Systematic meta-review of the evidence for self-management support interventions with stroke survivors to inform provision of healthcare services. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, AMED, BNI, Database of Abstracts of Reviews for Effectiveness, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for systematic reviews of self-management support interventions for stroke survivors. Quality was assessed using the R-AMSTAR tool, and data extracted using a customised data extraction form. We undertook a narrative synthesis of the reviews' findings. Results: From 12,400 titles we selected 13 systematic reviews (published 2003-2012) representing 101 individual trials. Although the term ‘self-management’ was rarely used, key elements of self-management support such as goal setting, action planning, and problem solving were core components of therapy rehabilitation interventions. We found high quality evidence that supported self-management in the context of therapy rehabilitation delivered soon after the stroke event resulted in short-term (<1 year) improvements in basic and extended activities of daily living, and a reduction in poor outcomes (dependence/death). There is some evidence that rehabilitation and problem solving interventions facilitated reintegration into the community. Conclusions: Self-management terminology is rarely used in the context of stroke. However, therapy rehabilitation currently successfully delivers elements of self-management support to stroke survivors and their caregivers with improved outcomes. Future research should focus on managing the emotional, medical and social tasks of long-term survivorship.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0131448
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume10
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2015

    Bibliographical note

    © 2015 Parke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

    Keywords

    • stroke
    • self-management
    • systematic meta-review

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    Parke, H. L., Epiphaniou, E., Pearce, G., Taylor, S. J. C., Sheikh, A., Griffiths, C. J., ... Pinnock, H. (2015). Self-management support interventions for stroke survivors: a systematic meta-review. PLoS ONE, 10(7), [e0131448]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131448