Self-management programme of activity coping and education-SPACE for COPD(C)-in primary care: a pragmatic randomised trial

Claire Bourne, Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, Pratiksha Patel, John Bankart, Sally Singh

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INTRODUCTION: We have previously developed a supported self-management programme (SMP): Self-management Programme of Activity, Coping and Education for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which was successfully delivered on an individual basis. Payers expressed an interest in delivering the intervention in groups. AIM: To explore the feasibility, acceptability and clinical effectiveness of the intervention delivered and supported by healthcare professionals (HCPs) in groups within primary care. METHODS: A prospective, single-blinded randomised controlled trial was conducted, with follow-up at 6 and 9 months. Participants were randomly assigned to control (usual care) or intervention (a six-session, group-based SMP delivered over 5 months). The primary outcome was change in COPD Assessment Test (CAT) at 6 months.Semistructured focus groups were conducted with intervention participants to understand feasibility and acceptability. A focus group was conducted with HCPs who delivered the intervention to gain insight into any potential facilitators/barriers to implementing the intervention in practice. All qualitative data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: 193 participants were recruited, (median Medical Research Council (MRC) grade 2). There was no significant difference between the intervention and control group for the primary outcome (CAT). However, an improvement in self-reported patient activation (at 6 and 9 months), knowledge (at 6 months), mastery (at 6 and 9 months) and fatigue (at 6 months), in the intervention group compared with usual care was demonstrated.Qualitative results indicated that the intervention was acceptable to patients who took part in the intervention and HCPs valued the intervention, suggesting it might be best delivered early in the disease process. CONCLUSIONS: A supported self-management intervention is feasible and acceptable when delivered as a group-based intervention, by HCPs in the community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number001443
Number of pages12
JournalBMJ Open Respiratory Research
Issue number1
Early online date17 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:


  • COPD epidemiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - therapy
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  • Self-Management
  • Primary Health Care
  • Humans


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